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Rain Man

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Title: Rain Man  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: 1988 in film, Dustin Hoffman, List of actors who have appeared in multiple Best Picture Academy Award winners, Mark Johnson (producer), Ronald Bass
Collection: 1980S Drama Films, 1988 Films, American Drama Films, American Films, Best Drama Picture Golden Globe Winners, Best Picture Academy Award Winners, Buddy Films, English-Language Films, Film Scores by Hans Zimmer, Films About Autism, Films About Siblings, Films Directed by Barry Levinson, Films Featuring a Best Actor Academy Award Winning Performance, Films Featuring a Best Drama Actor Golden Globe Winning Performance, Films Set in 1988, Films Set in Cincinnati, Ohio, Films Set in Los Angeles, California, Films Set in Missouri, Films Set in Ohio, Films Set in the Las Vegas Valley, Films Shot in California, Films Shot in Kentucky, Films Shot in Nevada, Films Shot in Ohio, Films Shot in Oklahoma, Films Shot in the Las Vegas Valley, Films Whose Director Won the Best Director Academy Award, Films Whose Writer Won the Best Original Screenplay Academy Award, Gambling Films, Golden Bear Winners, Narcissism in Fiction, Road Movies, Screenplays by Ronald Bass, United Artists Films
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Rain Man

Rain Man
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Barry Levinson
Produced by Mark Johnson
Screenplay by Barry Morrow
Ronald Bass
Story by Barry Morrow
Music by Hans Zimmer
Cinematography John Seale
Edited by Stu Linder
Star Partners II, Ltd.
Guber-Peters Company
Distributed by United Artists
Release dates
  • December 16, 1988 (1988-12-16)
Running time
133 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $25 million[1]
Box office $354.8 million[1]

Rain Man is a 1988 American drama film directed by Barry Levinson and written by Barry Morrow and Ronald Bass. It tells the story of an abrasive and selfish young wheeler-dealer, Charlie Babbitt (Tom Cruise), who discovers that his estranged father has died and bequeathed all of his multimillion-dollar estate to his other son, Raymond (Dustin Hoffman), an autistic savant, of whose existence Charlie was unaware. Charlie is left only his father's car and his collection of rose bushes.

In addition to the two leads, Valeria Golino stars as Charlie's girlfriend, Susanna. Morrow created the character of Raymond after meeting Kim Peek, a real-life savant; his characterization was based on both Peek and Bill Sackter, a good friend of Morrow who was the subject of Bill, an earlier film that Morrow wrote.[2]

Rain Man received overwhelmingly positive reviews, praising Hoffman's role and the wit and sophistication of the screenplay, and was the highest-grossing film of 1988. The film won four Oscars at the 61st Academy Awards (March 1989), including Best Picture, Best Original Screenplay, Best Director, and Best Actor in a Leading Role for Hoffman. Its crew received an additional four nominations.[3] The film also won the Golden Bear at the 39th Berlin International Film Festival.[4]


  • Plot 1
  • Cast 2
  • Production 3
  • Release 4
    • Critical reception 4.1
    • Box office 4.2
    • Awards 4.3
  • In popular culture 5
    • Qantas and airline controversy 5.1
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8


Charlie Babbitt is in the middle of importing four Los Angeles for resale. He needs to deliver the vehicles to impatient buyers who have already made down payments in order to repay the loan he took out to buy the cars, but the EPA is holding the cars at the port due to the cars failing emissions regulations. Charlie directs an employee to lie to the buyers while he stalls his creditor.

When Charlie learns that his estranged father has died, he and his girlfriend Susanna travel to Cincinnati, Ohio in order to settle the estate. He learns he is receiving the 1949 Buick Roadmaster convertible over which he and his father fought and his father's rose bushes, but the bulk of the $3 million estate is going to an unnamed trustee. Through social engineering he learns the money is being directed to a mental institution, which he visits and meets his older brother, Raymond, whose existence he was previously unaware of.

Raymond has autism and adheres to strict routines such as always watching The People's Court, which he refers to as "Wapner" after the judge who presides over the show. He has superb recall but he shows little emotional expression except when in distress. Charlie spirits Raymond out of the mental institution and into a hotel for the night. Susanna becomes upset with the way Charlie treats his brother and leaves. Charlie asks Raymond's doctor for half the estate in exchange for Raymond's return, but he refuses. Charlie decides to attempt to gain custody of his brother in order to get control of the money.

After Raymond refuses to fly to Los Angeles because he remembers every airline crash and is worried about getting hurt, they set out on a cross-country road trip together. During the course of the journey, Charlie learns more about Raymond, including that he is a mental calculator with the ability to instantly count hundreds of objects at once, far beyond the normal range for humans. He also learns that, like him, Raymond loves The Beatles. It is revealed that Raymond actually lived with the family when Charlie was young and he realizes that the comforting figure from Charlie's childhood, whom he falsely remembered as an imaginary friend named "Rain Man", was actually Raymond, who was sent away because he had severely burned Charlie by accident as a little boy.

They make slow progress on their trip because Raymond insists on sticking to his routines, which include watching "Wapner" on television every day and getting to bed by 11:00 PM. He also objects to traveling on the interstate after they pass a bad accident.

After the Lamborghinis are seized by his creditor, Charlie finds himself $80,000 in debt and hatches a plan to return to Las Vegas, which they passed the night before, and win money at blackjack by counting cards. Though the casino bosses are skeptical that anyone can count cards with a six deck shoe, after reviewing security footage they ask Charlie and Raymond to leave--but give Charlie the money. However, Charlie has made enough to cover his debts and has reconciled with Susanna who rejoined them in Las Vegas.

Back in Los Angeles, Charlie meets with Dr. Bruner, who offers him $250,000 to walk away from Raymond forever. Charlie refuses and says that he is no longer upset about what his father left him, but he wants to have a relationship with his brother. At a meeting with court-appointed psychiatrist Dr. Marston (Levinson, in an uncredited cameo), Raymond is shown to be unable to decide for himself what he wants. Charlie stops the questioning and tells Raymond he is happy to have him as his brother.

In the final scene, Charlie brings Raymond to the train station where he boards an Amtrak train with Dr. Bruner to return to the mental institution. Charlie promises Raymond that he will visit in two weeks.



A now-abandoned gas station and general store in Cogar, Oklahoma was used in a scene from the film.

Roger Birnbaum was the first studio executive to give the film a green light; he did so immediately after Barry Morrow pitched the story. Birnbaum received "special thanks" in the film's credits.[3]

Agents at CAA sent the script to Hoffman and Bill Murray, envisioning Murray in the title role and Hoffman in the role eventually portrayed by Cruise.[2] Martin Brest, Steven Spielberg, and Sydney Pollack were directors also involved in the film.[5] Mickey Rourke was also offered a role but he turned it down.[6]

Principal photography included nine weeks of filming on location.[7] Other portions were shot in the desert near Palm Springs, California.[8]:168–71

Almost all of the principal photography occurred during the 1988 Writers Guild of America strike; one key scene that was affected by the lack of writers was the film's final scene.[2] Bass delivered his last rough cut of the script only hours before the strike started and spent no time on the set.[5]


Critical reception

Rain Man received mostly positive reviews from critics, with Hoffman's performance being universally praised. The film currently has a "certified fresh" score of 90% on Rotten Tomatoes with an average rating of 7.9 out of 10. The critical consensus states "This road-trip movie about an autistic savant and his callow brother is far from seamless, but Barry Levinson's direction is impressive, and strong performances from Tom Cruise and Dustin Hoffman add to its appeal."[9]

Vincent Canby of The New York Times called Rain Man a "becomingly modest, decently thought-out, sometimes funny film"; Hoffman's performance was a "display of sustained virtuosity . . . [which] makes no lasting connections with the emotions. Its end effect depends largely on one's susceptibility to the sight of an actor acting nonstop and extremely well, but to no particularly urgent dramatic purpose."[10] Canby considered the "film's true central character" to be "the confused, economically and emotionally desperate Charlie, beautifully played by Mr. Cruise."[10]

Amy Dawes of Variety wrote that "one of the year's most intriguing film premises ... is given uneven, slightly off-target treatment"; she called the road scenes "hastily, loosely written, with much extraneous screen time," but admired the last third of the film, calling it a depiction of "two very isolated beings" who "discover a common history and deep attachment."[7]

One of the film's harshest reviews came from New Yorker magazine critic Pauline Kael: "Everything in this movie is fudged ever so humanistically, in a perfunctory, low-pressure way. And the picture has its effectiveness: people are crying at it. Of course they're crying at it – it's a piece of wet kitsch."[11]

Roger Ebert gave the film three and a half stars out of four.[12]

Box office

Rain Man debuted on December 16, 1988, and was the second highest grossing film at the weekend box office (behind Twins), with $7 million.[13] It reached the first spot on the December 30 – January 2 weekend, finishing 1988 with $42 million.[14] The film would end up as the highest-grossing U.S. film of 1988 by earning over $172 million. The film grossed over $354 million worldwide.[1]


Rain Man won Academy Awards for Best Picture; Best Actor in a Leading Role (Dustin Hoffman); Best Director; and Best Writing, Original Screenplay. It was nominated for Best Art Direction-Set Decoration (Ida Random, Linda DeScenna); Best Cinematography (John Seale); Best Film Editing; and Best Music, Original Score (Hans Zimmer).[15]

The film was nominated for twenty-four other ceremonies, including the Golden Globes, in which it won Best Motion Picture in the drama genre and Best Actor (Dustin Hoffman), and was nominated for Best Director (Barry Levinson) and Best Screenplay (Ronald Bass and Barry Morrow).

In popular culture

Rain Man‍ '​s portrayal of the main character's condition has been seen as inaugurating a common but mistaken media stereotype that people on the autism spectrum typically have savant skills, and references to Rain Man, in particular Dustin Hoffman's performance, have become a popular shorthand for autism and savantism. Conversely, Rain Man has also been seen as dispelling a number of other misconceptions about autism, and improving public awareness of the failure of many agencies to accommodate autistic people and make use of the abilities they do have, regardless of whether they have savant skills.[16]

The film is also known for popularizing the misconception that card counting is illegal in the United States.[17]

A 2008 Bollywood film, Yuvvraaj, is loosely based on this movie.

The character Alan (Zach Galifianakis) in the 2009 film The Hangover learns how to count cards from a book and mentions he's like Ray in this film. Later in the film, Alan and the character Phil (Bradley Cooper) play the blackjack tables in the casino at Caesar's Palace, the scene paying homage to this film, from the way the two stand on the escalator to the song "Iko Iko".

In the third episode of the third season of Supernatural entitled "Bad Day at Black Rock", Sam gets hold of a rabbit's foot that makes him very lucky, as proven by his winning a few thousand dollars from scratch tickets. Dean remarks that they should "Do a little Rain Man".

In the fourteenth episode of the fourth season of Spin City, entitled "Casino", Mike must raise $500,000 and after realizing Paul's savant-abilities, (as a reference to the film, a bag of pretzels drops on the floor and Paul accurately states how many pretzels are on the floor) he takes Paul to the casino to count cards. In another reference to the other film, Mike and Paul stand on an escalator, each wearing a suit modeled on that worn by Tom Cruise's Charlie Babbitt character.

Qantas and airline controversy

During June 1989, at least fifteen major Writers Guild of America, West). "I think it's a key scene to the entire movie," Levinson said in a telephone interview. "That's why it's in there. It launches their entire odyssey across country -because they couldn't fly." While some of those airlines cited as justification avoiding having airplane passengers feel uncomfortable in sympathy with Raymond during the in-light entertainment, the scene was shown intact on flights of Qantas, and commentators noted that Raymond mentions it as the only airline whose planes have "never crashed"; [18][19][20][21] The film is in fact credited with introducing Qantas to U.S. consumers.[22][23][24][25]

See also


  1. ^ a b c Rain Man at Box Office Mojo
  2. ^ a b c Barry Morrow's audio commentary for Rain Man from the DVD release.
  3. ^ a b Rain Man at the Internet Movie Database
  4. ^ "Berlinale: 1989 Prize Winners". Retrieved March 13, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b Bass' audio commentary for Rain Man from the DVD release.
  6. ^ "Mickey Rourke: a life in film".  
  7. ^ a b Rain Man, Variety, December 14, 1988
  8. ^ Niemann, Greg (2006). Palm Springs Legends: creation of a desert oasis. San Diego, CA:   (here for Table of Contents)
  9. ^ "Rain Man (1988)".  
  10. ^ a b The New York TimesDecember 1988 review from
  11. ^ Kael, Pauline. Rain Man at Metacritic, The New Yorker (Feb. 1989)
  12. ^ reviewRain Man Ebert, Roger
  13. ^ "Weekend Box Office: December 16–18, 1988".  
  14. ^ "Weekend Box Office: December 30 – January 2, 1988".  
  15. ^ "The 61st Academy Awards (1989) Nominees and Winners". Retrieved July 31, 2011. 
  16. ^ Treffert, Darold. "Rain Man, the Movie/Rain Man, Real Life". 
  17. ^ Rose, I. Nelson; Loeb, Robert A. (1999). Blackjack and the Law. Rge Pub.  
  18. ^ "'"Airlines Cut Scene From 'Rain Man.  
  19. ^ Weinstein, Steve (June 29, 1989). "'"Uneasy Airlines Get Final Cut on 'Rain Man.  
  21. ^ "Airlines cut 'Rain Man' airport scene".  
  22. ^ "Australia's Qantas Airlines named safest air carrier in the world after going more than 60 years without a fatal crash".  
  23. ^ Kamenev, Marina (November 24, 2010). "Qantas: Airline Safety's Golden Child No More?".  
  24. ^ Palmer, Brian (November 3, 2011). "Is Qantas The World’s Safest Airline?".  
  25. ^ "Is Qantas still the world's safest airline?".  

External links

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