World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

The Second World War (book series)

Article Id: WHEBN0012471253
Reproduction Date:

Title: The Second World War (book series)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Neville Chamberlain, A History of the English-Speaking Peoples, Winston Churchill, Blockade of Germany (1939–45), Grand Alliance (World War II)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

The Second World War (book series)

The Second World War
First edition in 6 volumes
Author Winston S. Churchill and assistants
Country England
Subject Second World War
Genre Political and military history
Publisher HoughtonMifflin
Publication date
Awards 1953 Nobel Prize for Literature

The Second World War is a history of the period from the end of the First World War to July 1945, written by Winston Churchill. It was largely responsible for his being awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1953.[1] Churchill labelled the "moral of the work" as follows: "In War: Resolution, In Defeat: Defiance, In Victory: Magnanimity, In Peace: Goodwill".[2]

Churchill wrote the book, with a team of assistants, using both his own notes and privileged access to official documents while still working as a politician; the text was vetted by the Cabinet Secretary. Churchill was largely fair in his treatment, but wrote the history from his personal point of view. He was unable to reveal all the facts, as some, such as the use of Ultra electronic intelligence, had to remain secret. From a historical point of view the book is therefore an incomplete memoir by a leading participant in the direction of the war.

The book was a major commercial success in Britain and the United States. The first edition appeared in six volumes; later editions appeared in twelve and four volumes, and there was also a single-volume abridged version.


When Churchill assumed office in 1940, he intended to write a history of the war then beginning. He said several times: "I will leave judgements on this matter to history – but I will be one of the historians." To circumvent the rules against the use of official documents, he took the precaution throughout the war of having a weekly summary of correspondence, minutes, memoranda and other documents printed in galleys and headed "Prime Minister's personal minutes". These were then stored at his home and Churchill wrote or dictated letters and memoranda with the intention of placing his views on the record, for later use as a historian. The arrangements became a source of controversy when The Second World War began appearing in 1948. Churchill was a politician not an academic historian and was Leader of the Opposition, intending to return to office, so Churchill's access to Cabinet, military and diplomatic records denied to other historians was questioned.[3]

It was not known at the time that Churchill had done a deal with Clement Attlee and Labour government which came to office in 1945. Attlee agreed to allow Churchill's research assistants access to all documents, provided that no official secrets were revealed, the documents were not used for party political purposes and the typescript was vetted by the Cabinet Secretary, Sir Norman Brook. Brook took a close interest in the books and rewrote some sections to ensure that British interests were not harmed or the government embarrassed.[4] Churchill's privileged access to documents and his knowledge gave him an advantage over other historians of the Second World War for many years. The books had enormous sales in both Britain and the United States and made Churchill a rich man for the first time.[5][6] While Churchill's name appears on the books as the author, much of the series was written by a team of researchers.[1]

After Churchill died and archives were opened, deficiencies of his work became apparent. Some of these were inherent in the position Churchill occupied as a former Prime Minister and a serving politician. He could not reveal military secrets, such as the work of the code breakers at Bletchley Park, or the planning of the atomic bomb.[7] As stated in the author's introduction, the book concentrates on the British war effort.[2] Other theatres of war are described largely as a background. The descriptions of the fighting on the Eastern Front and to a lesser extent, of the Pacific War are sketchy. Although he is usually fair, some personal vendettas are aired, for example against Sir Stafford Cripps, at one time considered by some the "only possible alternative wartime Prime Minister" to Churchill.[8]


1960s paperback edition in 12 volumes shared some titles with the first edition, but for different portions of the work.

The Second World War can be read with profit by students of the period, albeit as a memoir by a leading participant rather than an authoritative history by a professional and detached historian. The Second World War, particularly the period from 1940–1942 when Britain fought with the support of the Empire and a few Allies, was the climax of Churchill's career and his inside story of those days is unique and invaluable. American historian Raymond Callahan, reviewing In Command of History by David Reynolds about Churchill's The Second World War, wrote that

The outlines of the story have long been known—Churchill wrote to put his own spin on the history of the war and give himself and his family financial security, and he wrote with a great deal of assistance.

Callahan concluded that as far as the war is concerned, any changes to historians' understanding of the book (now that what Churchill wrote has been compared in detail to the released archives) Churchill "remains the arresting figure he has always been—dynamic, often wrong, but the indispensable leader" who led Britain to "its last, terribly costly, imperial victory." Churchill was guilty of "carefully reconstructing the story", to suit his postwar political goals.[9] John Keegan wrote in the 1985 introduction to the series, that some deficiencies in the account are due to the secrecy of Ultra intelligence. Keegan wrote that Churchill's account was unique, since none of the other leaders—Franklin D. Roosevelt, Joseph Stalin and Adolf Hitler—wrote a first-hand account of the war. Churchill's books were written collaboratively, as he solicited others involved in the war for their papers and remembrances.[7]


The Second World War has been issued in editions of six, twelve and four volumes. Some volumes in these editions share names, such as Triumph and Tragedy but the contents of the volumes differ, covering varying portions of the book.

The Second World War is also available in a single-volume abridgement.

See also


  • Best, Geoffrey. Churchill: A Study in Greatness. London:Continuum, 2002.
  • Gilbert, Martin. Churchill: A Life. New York: Macmillan, 1992. p. 879.
  • Reynolds, David. In Command of History: Churchill Fighting and Writing the Second World War. New York:Basic Books, 2007.


  1. ^ a b Dugdale, John (8 October 2011). "The curious laureates club". The Week in Books (The Guardian. Review). p. 5. Retrieved 9 October 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Churchill, Winston (1948). The Gathering Storm. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.  
  3. ^ Best, 2002. p. 270
  4. ^ Reynolds, 2007. pp.86–89
  5. ^ Gilbert, 1992. p. 879
  6. ^ Wheatcroft, Geoffrey (18 July 2012). "Winston Churchill, the author of victory". Review of 'Mr Churchill's Profession' by Peter Clarke, Bloomsbury, 2012. Times Literary Supplement (TLS). Retrieved 29 November 2012. 
  7. ^ a b Keegan, John. Introduction to The Second World War, Volume 1, The Gathering Storm. Penguin, Harmondsworth, 1985.
  8. ^ Harold Nicolson (1967), The War Years, 1939–1945, Vol. II of Diaries and Letters, Atheneum, New York, p. 205 (diary entry dated 14 January 1942).
  9. ^ Callahan, Raymond (April 2006). "In Command of History: Churchill Fighting and Writing the Second World War (review)". The Journal of Military History 70 (2): 551–552.  
  10. ^ Liner notes for BBC Audiobook
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.