Works of Adi Shankara

Adi Shankara, a Hindu philosopher of the Advaita Vedanta school, wrote a large body of works[1] which are central to the Advaita Vedanta interpretation of the Prasthanatrayi, the canonical texts consisting of the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita and the Brahma Sutras. His works deal with logically establishing the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta.

Overview

Methodology

Shankara formulates the doctrine of Advaita Vedanta by validating his arguments on the basis of quotations from the Vedas and other Hindu scriptures.

A large portion of his works is polemical in nature. He directs his polemics mostly against the Sankhya, Bauddha, Jaina, Vaisheshika and other non-vedantic Hindu philosophies.

Authorship

Many works thought to be of his authorship are debated and questioned as to their authorship today, including two of his best-known and important works, the Vivekacūḍāmaṇi[2][3] and the Māṇḍūkya Upaniṣad Bhāṣya.[4] Other scholars [5] say that Shankaracharya's authorship of the commentaries on the Brahman Sutra, the ten principal Upanishads as well as the Bhagavad Gita are beyond doubt.

Classification

Traditionally, his works are classified under

  • Bhāṣya, commentary
  • Prakaraṇa grantha, philosophical treatise
  • Stotra, devotional hymn

The commentaries serve to provide a consistent interpretation of the scriptural texts from the perspective of Advaita Vedanta. The philosophical treatises provide various methodologies to the student to understand the doctrine. The devotional hymns are rich in poetry and piety, serving to highlight the helplessness of the devotee and the glory of the deity. A partial list of his works is given below.

Bhāṣya

Adi Shankara wrote Bhāṣya (commentaries) on

Prakaraṇa grantha

Adi Shankara wrote the following treatises

Stotra

Adi Shankara composed many hymns on Shiva, Vishnu, Devi, Ganesha and Subrahmanya[10]

  • Ganesha Pancharatnam
  • Annapurnashtakam
  • Kalabhairavashtakam
  • Dakshinamurthy Stotram
  • Krishnashtakam
  • Bhaja Govindaṃ, also known as Mohamuḍgara
  • Śivānandalahari
  • Saundaryalahari
  • Śrī Lakṣmīnṛsiṃha Karāvalamba Stotraṃ
  • Śāradā Bhujangaṃ
  • Kanakadhāra Stotraṃ
  • Bhavāni Aṣṭakaṃ
  • Śiva Mānasa Pūja
  • Pandurangashtakam
  • Subramanya Bhujangam

Editions

A lot of editions of the works of Adi Shankara are available. A few of them are given below:[11]

Collections of Works

  • Sri Sankara Granthavali - Complete Works of Sri Sankaracarya in the original Sanskrit, v. 1-10, revised ed., Samata Books, Madras, 1998. (Originally published from Sri Vani Vilas Press, Srirangam, 1910ff., under the direction of the Sringeri matha.)
  • Sankaracaryera Granthamala, v. 1-4, Basumati Sahitya Mandira, Calcutta, 1995. (complete works with Bengali translation and commentary)
  • Upanishad-bhashya-sangraha, Mahesanusandhana Samsthanam, Mt. Abu, 1979-1986. Sankara's bhashyas on the Katha, Mandukya, Taittiriya, Chandogya and Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, with Anandagiri's Tīkas and other sub-commentaries.
  • Prakarana-dvadasi, Mahesanusandhana Samsthanam, Mt. Abu, 1981. A collection of twelve prakarana granthas, with commentaries.
  • A Bouquet of Nondual Texts, by Adi Sankara, Translated by Dr. H. Ramamoorthy and Nome, Society of Abidance in Truth, 2006. A collection of eight texts. This volume contains the Sanskrit original, transliteration, word-for-word meaning and alternative meanings, and complete English verses.

Brahmasutra Bhashya

  • Edited with Marathi translation, by Kasinath Sastri Lele, Srikrishna Mudranalaya, Wai, 1908.
  • Edited with vaiyasika-nyayamala of Bharatitirtha, and Marathi commentary, by Vishnu Vaman Bapat Sastri, Pune, 1923.
  • Selections translated into English, by S. K. Belvalkar, Poona Oriental Series no. 13, Bilvakunja, Pune, 1938.
  • Edited with Adhikarana-ratnamala of Bharatitirtha, Sri Venkatesvara Mudranalaya, Bombay, 1944.
  • Translated into English, by V. M. Apte, Popular Book Depot, Bombay, 1960.
  • Translated into English, by George Thibaut, Dover, New York, 1962. (reprint of Clarendon Press editions of The Sacred books of the East v.34, 38)
  • Sri Sankaracarya Granthavali, no. 3, 1964.
  • Translated into German, by Paul Deussen, G. Olms, Hildesheim, 1966.

Bhagavadgita Bhashya

  • Critically edited by Dinkar Vishnu Gokhale, Oriental Book Agency, Pune, 1931.
  • Edited with Anandagiri's Tika, by Kasinath Sastri Agashe, Anandasrama, Pune, 1970.
  • Alladi Mahadeva Sastri, The Bhagavad Gita : with the commentary of Sri Sankaracharya, Samata Books, Madras, 1977.
  • A. G. Krishna Warrier, Srimad Bhagavad Gita Bhashya of Sri Sankaracarya, Ramakrishna Math, Madras, 1983.
  • Trevor Leggett, Realization of the Supreme Self : the Bhagavad Gita Yogas, (translation of Sankara's commentary), Kegan Paul International, London, 1995.

Upadeshasahasri

  • Sitarama Mahadeva Phadke, Sankaracaryakrta Upadesashasri, Rasikaranjana Grantha Prasaraka Mandali, Pune, 1911. (with Marathi translation)
  • Paul Hacker, Unterweisung in der All-Einheits-Lehre der Inder: Gadyaprabandha, (German translation of and notes on the Prose book of the upadeSasAhasrI) L. Röhrscheid, Bonn, 1949.

Vivekachudamani

  • Edited with English translation, by Mohini Chatterjee, Theosophical Publishing House, Madras, 1947.
  • Ernest Wood, The Pinnacle of Indian Thought, Theosophical Publishing House, Wheaton (Illinois), 1967. (English translation)
  • Swami Prabhavananda and Christopher Isherwood, Shankara's Crest-jewel of Discrimination, with A Garland of Questions and Answers, Vedanta Press, California, 1971.
  • Sri Sankara's Vivekachudamani with an English translation of the Sanskrit Commentary of Sri Chandrashekhara Bharati of Sringeri. Translated by P. Sankaranarayanan. Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan. 1999

Panchikarana

  • Edited with Sureshvara's varttika and varttikabharana of Abhinavanarayanendra Sarasvati (17th century), Sri Vani Vilas Press, Srirangam, 1970.
  • Edited with Gujarati translation and notes, Sri Harihara Pustakalya, Surat, 1970.

See also

Notes

References

Sources

External links

  • Complete Works of Sri Shankaracharya - 20 Volumes - 1910 Edition as scanned PDF files at Archive.org
  • Complete Works of Shankaracharya
  • WorldCat catalog)
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